collapse collapse

* User Info

Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.
Did you miss your activation email?

* Discord Chat

* Soilsearcher Shoutbox

Refresh History
  • gash: :)
    March 06, 2019, 04:19:29 PM
  • Gaza07: Smaller logo looks much better
    February 07, 2019, 02:50:37 PM
  • gash: Sorry for the downtime : Host server issues again - but all back ok
    January 18, 2019, 11:52:23 AM
  • gash: A happy New Year to all members and fellow detectorists - Hope 2019 is a good one !!!
    December 31, 2018, 11:59:21 PM
  • gash: New classified section installed - with customer feedback - free to use free to sell !!
    September 19, 2018, 10:57:57 AM
  • gash: Welcome back to soilsearcher - the last few weeks have been quite stressfull, but the forum is back.
    September 18, 2018, 08:50:39 AM
  • gash: Cheers, all down to you m8
    April 06, 2018, 04:25:42 PM
  • Gaza07: new sites looking good mate
    April 06, 2018, 02:18:46 PM
  • gash: Boo back  lol
    April 06, 2018, 08:28:39 AM
  • Gaza07: boo
    April 05, 2018, 06:57:16 PM
  • gash: Happy New 2018 to everyone!!!
    January 02, 2018, 04:13:20 PM
  • itsknocker: happy new year to you all
    January 02, 2017, 03:22:52 PM
  • gash: :)
    January 01, 2017, 06:07:46 PM
  • Mark: Happy new year!
    January 01, 2017, 09:56:32 AM
  • gash: Hi Jon, Having a good one I hope?
    December 31, 2016, 09:10:33 PM
  • itsknocker: hi mate did you have a good xmas
    December 29, 2016, 11:23:15 PM
  • gash: Evening all
    December 29, 2016, 11:01:22 PM
  • gash: :)
    July 19, 2016, 11:18:57 AM
  • David Adams: I would be chuffed to  :)
    July 19, 2016, 10:53:33 AM
  • gash: Cheers David, Well Chuffed??
    July 17, 2016, 08:04:39 PM

* Who's Online

  • Dot Guests: 6
  • Dot Hidden: 0
  • Dot Users: 0

There aren't any users online.

* Adsense

Author Topic: The PAST "Union Jack" Method on a New Permission  (Read 361 times)

Offline gash

  • Administrator
  • Trade Count: (0)
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1413
  • Karma: +1/-0
    • View Profile
    • Soilsearcher
  • Main Detector: XP Deus
The PAST "Union Jack" Method on a New Permission
« on: March 12, 2016, 09:37:31 PM »
Please remember that I do recognize that there are several types of detectorist ranging from those that just love to be out in the fresh air and dream about finding history but are also happy with their lot to those that require a structured and measured approach, therefore fully utilizing precious time spent in the field. There are of course those in between the two.

The structured approach applies to our team as we don’t have the premium history on our doorstep such as Lincolnshire, Norfolk and Wiltshire for example. We have to travel up to six hours which is a lot of time spent not detecting so that when we do arrive at our sites we have a plan, usually three or more to be exact. We would love it if our sites were a lot closer, just think, we’d have 5 hours extra to detect or better still, have a lie-in!
This post is only intended for those that might want the challenge of a different approach to the way they detect new land.

Now that we have an established method of measuring a field in two dimensions; area and time, we have a basis on what to expect when we reach our search spot. The following applies to private permissions and not rallies or club digs for obvious reasons. All times stated are the absolute minimum times.

We now know the minimum time it will take to search your field so if it’s a 9-hour field, i.e. 2 acres and you spend one hour searching it, you know you’ve only covered a ninth of it at the most.
It doesn’t matter which way you cut it up, whether that be working in exact and precise lines or wandering around in a totally unorganized manner, you will only cover a ninth of the field in one hour at the most - fact.
It doesn’t take much to work out that you still have another eight sections of that field to search using either method. As shown in the “Time Estimation” post it is impossible to cover any more in the time allowed as this will result in zig-zagging and lost ground coverage and therefore missed signals.

If you return to that field at a later date, you will know exactly where you’ve been when using the precise line method. On the other hand, using the random wandering method, you won’t have much of a clue as to what ground you’ve covered. This is amplified when there two or more detectorists using this method. There will only be disturbed soil at various random locations without any indication as to which direction was taken when arriving at the “hole” and indeed, as to which direction you left that “hole”. This will result in covering ground already searched. If you do find something, then the answer is simply; it wasn’t covered sufficiently - fact.

I should know about this as we were on a field in which the drilled crop changed direction in two ways; a strange mixed curved and a straight-on direction. This resulted in two sets of crop lines going in different directions and also resulted in a small missed area. The item missed (hence the 99% recovery rate) was a huge Medieval key that was only three inches deep. There can’t be any other reason for missing the key, not the following reasons; i.e. ground conditions, target orientation, mineralization, interference etc etc etc etc etc (the list is endless).

This just goes to prove that if you can’t search methodically, large items will be missed, never mind small “hammies” and other small items!
The key here (no pun intended) is 100% coverage whatever method you use. This results in a 99% recovery rate for us and will repeated the following year, unless the field was only drilled.

The Union Jack Method
This brings us to the tried and tested “Union Jack” method used by some detectorists on a new field.
The way I understand this method is that it will quickly give you a flavour of the history that might exist in that particular field? If you don’t find much, you can then decide to forget that field and move on to another field or area altogether.
I’m aware that some detectorists do not use this method and wander around hoping to find a hot-spot. That is fair enough but at least there is some structure to the Union Jack method in knowing where you’ve been!
There is no wrong or right way whatever method you use as long as you’re happy.

Below is an image of a 77-acre field in Kent chosen at random. Using the time estimate calculation shows that it will take a minimum of 346 hours for one person to search fully ie, 100% coverage.
The standard “Union Jack” method will take a minimum of 9 hours for one person to cover all of the green lines which total 4850 metres of travel. So, using our example explained in the “background” section above; if you spent just an hour in this field you will have only covered a ninth of the Union Jack coverage in total at the most.
As you can see, there are large areas that are missed, but however, there is a concentration or focus point in the centre of the field. As you move outwards the missed areas grow larger.

The PAST Version of the Union Jack - The Bigger Picture
Our version of the “Union Jack” method utilizes the tractor tracks that are used when spraying the crop during growth. These tractor tracks are usually 24 metres apart (depending on spray boom width) and are accurate to 20mm (left/right) where the farmer has used highly accurate industry standard GPS.
Knowing it will take a minimum of 346 hours for one person to search fully, you can instead split it into 24-metre-wide segments marked by the tractor tracks. This will reduce the time dramatically whilst still cutting through accurate swathes of the field. As you can see, there are 23 of these tractor tracks running north-south in this example. If there are three of you, each can choose a line and when completed leap frog to the next line and so on.
One person would take 21 hours’ minimum to cover the 23 lines, that is 11395mtrs in travel. Three people would take 7 hours (a detecting day almost) to do the same but in doing so will have built up a good picture of what is or isn’t there. If after covering the 23 tracks, you don’t find lots of pottery or indeed don’t get many signals you know that there is little evidence of habitation or use there.

The one 950mtr tractor line as marked in green will take for example 1hr 45mins minimum to complete. There are 22 more of these lines at varying lengths.
You do have further options; you can miss every other tractor line ie 48 metre swathes (or as many as you like) but run the risk of possibly missing something such as a roundhouse or small farmstead.
You will still cover more ground than the standard Union Jack method. In fact, you’d have to cut back the tractor lines by almost 2.5 times to equal the standard Union Jack coverage of 4850 metres which would be about 9 of the tractor lines, of your choice of course.

You can then decide whether or not to carry on searching this field or move on to another field, just as you would be using the standard Union Jack method. That is entirely your choice.

XP Deus 9" coil & 13x11 coil
XP Goldmaxx Power
Whites DFX
Garrett Ace250


* Events

Sorry! There are no calendar events available at the moment.

* Search

* Please Donate

Please consider donating to help keep this forum active. It would be appreciated by all the staff. We are not looking to make money with this, we are simply aiming to cover some of the operating costs. Donations are usually made in multiples of £5.00. Any amount will help. Please put your forum username in the message box, and your staus will be changed to Valued Member. Thank You

* Advert google