Archaeologists reveal Lincolnshire's past during Lincoln Eastern Bypass works

Started by gash, January 23, 2020, 04:27:35 pm

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Archaeologists have been amazed by the finds uncovered during the construction of the Lincoln Eastern Bypass.

Discoveries unearthed during the building of the new five-mile route have revealed evidence of 400,000 years of human history.

In all, almost 270,000 artefacts have been found, representing every archaeological period from the Palaeolithic era to the present day.

Each exciting discovery is now undergoing post-excavation assessment and analysis, with funding from Lincolnshire County Council. That detailed process could take up to five years, after which artefacts will return to the county for the benefit of local residents.

The investigation is probably the largest single archaeological project ever carried out in Lincolnshire, involving discoveries of national and international importance.

Key finds from the dig

A team of up to 100 archaeologists were involved in the original fieldwork, painstakingly revealing archaeological treasures between the River Witham and Washingborough Road.

The astonishing discoveries include a Neolithic and Bronze Age riverside ceremonial landscape, a Bronze Age oak log-boat and a Middle Saxon Christian cemetery with more than 750 human skeletons.

Preliminary analysis has suggested that a copper axe and two of the burials date from the Chalcolithic or "Copper Age". This is of particular significance as, unlike on the European mainland, the Chalcolithic is a period largely unrepresented in Britain.

Archaeologists also unearthed:

Mesolithic and Neolithic flint tools

Part of a Bronze Age barrow cemetery

A possible Iron Age roundhouse

High-status Roman buildings and pottery kilns

Medieval monastic grange including on-site beer and bread making

Post-medieval farm buildings and a complex water management system

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